As we all know, water-saving irrigation has become a widely accepted way of irrigation. As a way of water-saving irrigation, sprinkler irrigation has realized water-saving irrigation in a real sense.
Sprinkler irrigation, also known as sprinkler irrigation, is to send water pipelines through pump pressurization (or reservoir self-pressure) to the field, from the sprinkler (water gun) into the air, into raindrops to the ground for irrigation. Sprinkler irrigation is suitable for bamboo orchards, orchards and vegetable gardens because of its high pressure and heavy rainfall. Micro-sprinkler irrigation is sprinkler irrigation with small water volume and pressure. The water emitted by micro-sprinkler irrigation is like "drizzle", which is suitable for the irrigation of crops such as vegetables and flowers which are easily "knocked down" by large droplets, especially for greenhouse crops with higher air humidity requirements. Drip irrigation, also known as drip irrigation, is the use of drip irrigation belts or drip heads to infiltrate water into the soil drop by drop, which visually means to "hang salt water" to crops.
As the saying goes, "Rain and dew moisten the strong seedlings of grass", drip irrigation can timely and appropriate irrigation according to the needs of crops, coordinate the elements of soil water, gas, fertilizer and heat, promote the growth of crop roots, sprinkle irrigation to wash the leaves of crops, make stomata smooth, facilitate respiration and photosynthesis, increase the yield of general crops by 10%-30%, and double the vegetable yield. Increase production. Improve quality. For example, fruit cracking caused by rainstorm or flood irrigation is a headache for fruit farmers. Spraying drip irrigation uniformly falls into the water, which greatly reduces the occurrence of fruit cracking. The rate of top-grade fruit increases from 50% to 90%, and the benefit of income increase is better. Water saving and cost saving. Sprinkler irrigation, micro-sprinkler irrigation and drip irrigation save about 50%, 60% and 70% water respectively, which are the most potential agricultural water-saving technologies. At the same time, it reduces the labor force such as irrigation, fertilization, disease control and pest control, soil crushing and so on, and saves the corresponding labor, fertilizer and pesticide costs of 100-200 yuan/mu.